Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets They are particularly crucial for people living in coastal communities, who represented 37 per cent of the global population in 2010. Plastic ingested by biota (e.g. various SDGs, including SDG 14. 557. In 2017, protected areas cover 13.2 per cent of the marine environment under national jurisdiction (up to 200 nautical miles from shore), 0.25 per cent of the marine environment beyond national jurisdiction and 5.3 per cent of the total global ocean area. However, the trend has slowed and appears to have stabilized from 2008 to 2013. From 2000 to 2016, the share of marine sites around the world that are designated as key biodiversity areas and are completely covered by protected areas increased from 15 per cent to 19 per cent. SDG 2 has 14 indicators to measure progress. A global survey and a three-day workshop in Senegal informed the handbook content. New Research. To accelerate progress towards the Sustainable Development Goal on oceans (SDG 14), the UN Development Programme (UNDP) has launched the Ocean Innovation Challenge (OIC). 14. Related Goals . They also help regulate the global ecosystem by absorbing heat and carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and protecting coastal areas from flooding and erosion. sea birds). IOC-UNESCO supports the development of the indicators for SDG 14.1, for which UN Environment is the custodian agency. In fact, coastal and marine resources contribute an estimated $28 trillion to the global economy each year through ecosystem services. <br> Proportion of national exclusive economic zones managed using ecosystem-based approaches. It also includes indicators based on the implementation status of marine-area based, integrated planning and management approaches, such as marine spatial planning or integrated coastal zone management. In order to achieve a healthy balance, fish stocks must be maintained within biologically sustainable limits, at or above the abundance level that can produce maximum sustainable yields. Ultimately, overfishing impairs the functioning of ecosystems and reduces biodiversity, with negative repercussions for sustainable social and economic development. Lack of availability of data for SDG 14 has limited the ability to provide adequate policy responses. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals are defined in a list of 169 SDG Targets. IOC-UNESCO, UN Environment and the Regional Seas Conventions work in close collaboration. Introduction With the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Addis Ababa Action Agenda, countries have commited to ^pursue policy coherence and an enabling environment for sustainable development at all levels and by all actors _. Since the beginning of the industrial revolution, the ocean has absorbed about one third of the carbon dioxide released by human activities, thereby mitigating the full impact of climate change. Equally important is the need to foster awareness of the interconnections between people and the natural world to ensure more balanced coexistence. This new version of our SDG-Tracker was launched on 28th June 2018. Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems <br> Indicators. A request to all Member States for data collected according to the SDG Indicator 14.3.1 Methodology will begin in June 2019. 14.4.1 Proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels keyboard_arrow_down Download Dataset Impact. In November 2018, the SDG Indicator 14.3.1 Methodology was upgraded from Tier III (‘No internationally established methodology or standards are yet available for the indicator, but methodology/standards are being (or will be) developed or tested’) to Tier II by the United Nations’ Inter-Agency and Expert Group on Sustainable Development Goal Indicators (IAEG-SDGs), the body charged with developing the indicator framework to measure progress on the implementation of the SDGs. Measuring and Monitoring Progress on SDG Target 17:14 1. Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing remains one of the greatest threats to sustainable fisheries, the livelihoods of those who depend upon them and marine ecosystems. In many coastal communities, pollution and eutrophication, which is the presence of excessive nutrients in water, frequently owing to runoff from the land, causing dense plant growth and the death of animal life, are driving detrimental changes. Without concerted efforts, coastal eutrophication is expected to increase in 20 per cent of large marine ecosystems by 2050. April 12, 2007 by admin. Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries It is described as the “Tragedy of the Commons”. Special Envoy. Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels In preparation, the SDG Indicator 14.3.1 Methodology and the associated data and metadata files for data collection are being disseminated. The OIC call to action will offer grants between US$50,000 and $250,000 to scalable, replicable and transferable innovations that advance progress on SDG 14 targets. SDG indicators are the foundation of this new global framework for mutual accountability. Global trends point to continued deterioration of coastal waters owing to pollution and eutrophication (excessive nutrients in water, frequently a result of run-off from land, which causes dense plant growth and the death of animal life from lack of oxygen). Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development 18. Workshops and meetings, such as the 5th IOC-WESTPAC Workshop on Research and Monitoring of the Ecological Impacts of Ocean Acidification on Coral Reef Ecosystems( November 2018, Xiamen, China) and the Latin American and Caribbean Regional Symposium and Advanced Training on Ocean Acidification Monitoring (January 2019, Santa Marta, Colombia) are the first of many upcoming trainings, where participants will learn how to apply the methodology. Based on an analysis of assessed stocks, the percentage of world marine fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels declined from 90 per cent in 1974 to 69 per cent in 2013. For further information, please contact: Katherina Schoo k.schoo(at)unesco.org; Kirsten Isensee k.isensee(at)unesco.org, SDG 14.a – Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries, SDG Indicator 14.a.1 (Tier II) - Proportion of total research budget allocated to research in the field of marine technology. <br> Average marine acidity (pH) measured at agreed suite of representative sampling stations. As at February 2020, the number of parties to the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing –  the first binding international agreement that specifically targets illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing – increased to 66 (including the European Union) from 58 in the previous year, and nearly 70 per cent of countries reported scoring high on the implementation thereof. In order to build back better following the global pandemic, these gains need to be solidified and reinforced. Related Goals. Goal 14. Studies at open ocean and coastal sites around the world show that current levels of marine acidity have increased by about 26 per cent on average since the start of the Industrial Revolution. Learn more about SDG 14 Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development: The oceans cover more than 70 per cent of the surface of our planet and play a key role in supporting life on earth. By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans Resources. … The Sustainable Development Goals are a call for action by all countries – poor, rich and middle-income – to promote prosperity while protecting the planet. Small-scale fisheries face numerous challenges. understanding and accelerating progress towards SDG 14 through participatory MEL approaches. Countries are making progress in implementing programmatic, legislative and accounting principles to protect biodiversity and ecosystems. Biodiverse marine sites require safeguarding to ensure sustainable long-term use of their precious natural resources. To promote small-scale fishers’ access to productive resources, services and markets, most countries have developed targeted regulatory and institutional frameworks. The preparations of the second edition of The Global Ocean Science Report (GOSR), to be published in June 2020, started in early 2018. In addition, since river basins, marine ecosystems and the atmosphere are all part of hydrological systems, the effects of such pollution are often felt far from their source. It's now five years on, and we have more work than ever to do. The global share of marine fish stocks that are within biologically sustainable levels declined from 90 per cent in 1974 to 69 per cent in 2013. They are located mainly in Western Europe, Southern and Eastern Asia, and the Gulf of Mexico. By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism Modelled indicators of the potential for coastal eutrophication (the Index of Coastal Eutrophication Potential (ICEP), based on analyzing nutrient load ratios and expected influence on eutrophication due to land based activities). Globally, 1 in 9 people are undernourished, the vast majority of whom live in developing countries. 14. In response, about 70 per cent of the respondents to a survey representing 92 countries and the European Union have introduced or developed regulations, policies, laws, plans or strategies specifically targeting small-scale fisheries. The increasingly adverse impacts of climate change (including ocean acidification), overfishing and marine pollution are jeopardizing recent gains in protecting portions of the world’s oceans. In fact, SDG 14 directly builds on and aligns with the commitments agreed to under the Aichi Biodiversity Targets relating to marine and coastal biodiversity. Investing in SDG 14 Tue 10 - Tue 10 Nov 2020. COAS. Chlorophyll a concentrations, biomass growth, water clarity/turbidity). 1 is the proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels. Nevertheless, about 260 million children were still out of school in 2018 — nearly one fifth of the global population in that age group. By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics The SDG Indicator 14.3.1 Methodology is now being introduced to researchers and data managers. This is more than double the 2010 coverage level. Target . There is optimism that with the latest dedicated goal of ocean conservation under the Sustainable Development Goals, companies will acknowledge the value and importance of our coastal areas and oceans. Subregional Office for the Pacific. Progress on SDG 14 has been slow relative to other SDGs. Commitments. Analyses reveal that the fraction of world marine fish stocks that are within biologically sustainable levels declined from 90 per cent in 1974 to 66.9 per cent in 2015. To accelerate progress towards the Sustainable Development Goal on oceans (SDG 14), the UN Development Programme (UNDP) has launched the Ocean Innovation Challenge (OIC). <br> Sustainable fisheries as a percentage of GDP in small island developing States, least developed countries and all countries. The global mean percentage of each marine key biodiversity area covered by protected areas increased from 31.2 per cent in 2000 to 44.7 per cent in 2015 and to 45.7 per cent in 2018. The sustainability of global fishery resources continues to decline, though at a reduced rate, with the proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels at 65.8 per cent in 2017, down from 90 per cent in 1974 and 0.8 percentage point lower than 2015 levels. Under nutrition causes wasting or severe wasting of 52 million children worldwide. ... Progress in our region’s SIDS through sustainable tourism and fisheries are vital components of a global roadmap for an inclusive and sustainable future. Page 14. Progress towards national targets established in accordance with Aichi Biodiversity Target 2 of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. The Targets are the following: (14.1) Reduce marine pollution (14.2) Protect and restore ecosystems (14.3) Reduce ocean acidification (14.4) Sustainable fishing Globally, in 2014, 8.4 per cent of the marine environment under national jurisdiction (up to 200 nautical miles from shore) and 0.25 per cent of the marine environment beyond national jurisdiction were under protection. For further information, please contact: Henrik Enevoldsen h.enevoldsen(at)unesco.org, SDG 14.2 - By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans, SDG 14.2.1 Proportion of national exclusive economic zones managed using ecosystem-based approaches. The contribution of sustainable marine capture fisheries remained stable at the global level, with regional variation, representing the largest contribution to the GDP in Pacific small island developing States and least developed countries, averaging 1.55 and 1.15 per cent, respectively, in 2011 to 2017. By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end over fishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated … In line with these methodological developments, IOC-UNESCO and the European Commission adopted on 24 March 2017 a "Joint Roadmap to accelerate Maritime/Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) processes worldwide". As of January 2018, 16 per cent (or over 22 million square kilometres) of marine waters under national jurisdiction—that is, 0 to 200 nautical miles from shore—were covered by protected areas. 14 May 2020 Keeping the Momentum for Ocean Action: Youth Participation and Engagement Thu 14 - Thu 14 May 2020. The OIC call to action will offer grants between US$50,000 and $250,000 to scalable, replicable and transferable innovations that advance progress on SDG 14 targets. 15.a.1. The mean coverage of marine key biodiversity areas (KBAs) that are protected has also increased—from 30 per cent in 2000 to 44 per cent in 2018. SDG 14: Life Below Water — Indicators by Targets. About the Global SDG Indicator Platform . These goals have the power to create a better world by 2030, by ending poverty, fighting inequality and addressing the urgency of climate change. SDG 14.1 - By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution, SDG 14.1.1 Index of coastal eutrophication and floating plastic debris density. Mindful of the difficulty of the task for Member States and of the need to gather the broadest possible representation of countries, the deadline to contribute information through the online questionnaire has been extended to 15 February 2019. Oceans provide livelihoods and tourism benefits, as well as subsistence and income. Of the 63 large marine ecosystems evaluated under the Transboundary Waters Assessment Programme, 16 per cent of the ecosystems are in the “high” or “highest” risk categories for coastal eutrophication. New topics addressed in the questionnaire include ocean science capacity building and national infrastructures/activities related to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and in particular to SDG 14. Two-thirds of participants indicated that they could not fully explain SDG 14 to others; SDG 14 by nature is “out-of-sight”, “out-of-mind”. By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution <br> Index of coastal eutrophication and floating plastic debris density. FAO is the ‘custodian’ UN agency for 21 indicators, for SDGs 2, 5, 6, 12, 14 and 15 and a contributing agency for four more. (a) Index of coastal eutrophication; and (b) plastic debris density. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development Goal 14 Targets & Indicators; Progress; 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development; The global indicator framework was developed by the Inter-Agency and Expert Group on SDG … The Methodology was presented to and welcomed by the IOC Executive Council during its 51st Session in Paris in July (Decision EC-LI/4.4). It will contribute to sketching out a vision and a role for MSP in implementing Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development, and in particular the dedicated goal SDG 14, in a comprehensive, consistent and holistic way, both within the European Union and beyond at the international level with the objective to triple the area of territorial waters benefiting from marine spatial planning by 2030. However, if not sustainably managed, fishing can damage fish habitats. UN Environment is the custodian agency of this indicator and works in close collaboration with the Regional Seas Conventions and the IOC-UNESCO. Long-term observations of ocean acidification over the past 30 years have shown an average increase of acidity of 26 per cent since pre-industrial times, and at this rate, an increase of 100 to 150 per cent is predicted by the end of the century, with serious consequences for marine life. GOAL 14 . Compare data and view trends using the Global SDG Indicator Platform Dashboard. Its results, as well as the management and storage of ocean acidification data and metadata, were among the topics discussed at the expert working group meeting at IOC in October 2018, during which the need for a dedicated SDG Indicator 14.3.1 data portal was reiterated and confirmed. 17 Oct 2018 Webinar: COA on Ocean Acidification Wed 17 - Wed 17 Oct 2018. As at December 2019, more than 24 million km2, or 17 per cent, of waters under national jurisdiction (up to 200 nautical miles from shore) were covered by protected areas, more than doubling in extent since 2010. The SDG Indicator 14.3.1 Methodology provides the necessary guidance to researchers and member states on how to conduct ocean acidification observation, using different types of technology and measuring different variables and provides support on how to and what kind of data sets to submit to IOC-UNESCO for annual reporting purposes. Progress in the degree of implementation of international instruments to promote and protect small-scale fisheries, 2018-2020 . They are particularly crucial for people living in coastal communities, who represented 37 per cent of the global population in 2010. SDG 14.1 - By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution, SDG 14.1.1 Index of coastal eutrophication and floating plastic debris density The ocean absorbs around 23 per cent of the annual emissions of anthropogenic carbon dioxide to the atmosphere, helping to alleviate the impacts of climate change on the planet, however, resulting in a decreasing pH and acidification of the ocean. Climate Change and European Emissions Trading – Lessons for Theory and Practice. Source: Report of the Secretary-General, "Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals", E/2017/66, Source: Report of the Secretary-General, "Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals", E/2016/75, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development, UN Conferences and High-Level Events related to sustainable development, Multi-stakeholder Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation for the SDGs, Second Committee of the UN General Assembly ⭧, Goal 14 infographic, source: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/report/2020/, Special edition: progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals, The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2018. Our program aims to fill the gaps in monitoring progress toward sustainability and build bridges between research and policymaking (SDG 14.A). <br> Proportion of total research budget allocated to research in the field of marine technology. A new ocean acidification data portal shows an increase in variability in pH and the acidity of the oceans by 10 to 30 per cent in the period 2015–2019. <br> Progress by countries in the degree of implementation of international instruments aiming to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing. In 2015, world leaders agreed to 17 Global Goals (officially known as the Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs). Most countries have taken measures to combat such fishing and have adopted an increasing number of fisheries management instruments in the past decade. IOC-UNESCO is the custodian agency for the SDG 14.3.1 indicator. However, those resources are extremely vulnerable to environmental degradation, overfishing, climate change and pollution. More information on the SDG14.1.1 indicator development process/methodology can be found here. Fortunately, the downward trend has slowed and appears to have stabilized since 2008. In May 2019 the Editorial Board will reconvene in Zanzibar, Tanzania, hosted by WIOMSA and supported by the Government of Flanders. New agreement bolsters UN work on ocean observations, research and services, 31.01.2019 - Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, International Geoscience and Geoparks Programme, Executive Secretary, ADG of UNESCO for IOC, Improving measurement of Gender Equality in STEM, Women’s participation in policy-making processes, Biodiversity & Society, Culture and Ethics, Disaster Risk Reduction in UNESCO designated sites, Global Ocean Acidification Observing Network, United Nations’ Inter-Agency and Expert Group on Sustainable Development Goal Indicators, UNESCO's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission. Last July, the IOC Executive Council in its decision IOC/EC-LI/4.3 reaffirmed the importance of GOSR as the main mechanism to measure progress towards the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 14, Target 14.a (SDG indicator 14.a.1) and recognized that investments in ocean science are key to developing sustainable ocean economies. Armida Salsiah Alisjahbana. Goal 14: Life Below Water The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. The Goal has targets to be achieved by 2030. As billions of people depend on oceans for their livelihood and food source and on the transboundary nature of oceans, increased efforts and interventions are needed to conserve and sustainably use ocean resources at all levels. We partner with ocean networks and decision-makers to combat overfishing (SDG 14.4), plastic pollution (SDG 14.1), and ocean warming and acidification (SDG 14.3, SDG 14.6). Moreover, marine life is being exposed to conditions outside previously experienced natural variability. <br> Progress by countries in the degree of application of a legal/regulatory/policy/institutional framework which recognizes and protects access rights for small-scale fisheries, Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want, Number of countries making progress in ratifying, accepting and implementing through legal, policy and institutional frameworks, ocean-related instruments that implement international law, as reflected in the United Nation Convention on the Law of the Sea, for the conservation and sustainable use of the oceans and their resources. Oceans, along with coastal and marine resources, play an essential role in human well-being and social and economic development worldwide. Introducing SDG 14 on conserving the oceans. Source: Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals, Report of the Secretary-General, https://undocs.org/en/E/2020/57. In terms of data and geospatial information, information to determine the percentage of total exclusive economic zones under any type of ecosystem-based management approaches has been collected, although it would require additional resources to ensure the comparison amongst the number of countries with marine, maritime or integrated coastal zone management plan in place. Is described as the sustainable development 18 relative to other SDGs ocean Conference to pollution and eutrophication and to. Coverage level people are undernourished, the vast majority of whom live in countries... 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