Required fields are marked *. [2] Around the same time, and as a result of the same push towards great concern for the environment, arrived the Clean Water Act, the Water Quality Act, the push to ban DDT, and the institution of the National Wilderness Preservation System. Both terms derive from the older forestry term “sustained yield”, which in turn a translation of the German term “nachhaltiger Ertrag” is dating from 1713. A Brief History Of 'Sustainability' 11/09/2016 03:13 pm ET Updated Dec 06, 2017 The word doesn't mean what many seem to think. Although the Committee on Incorporating Sustainability in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was not specifically tasked to provide an historical overview, this history is useful in providing context for the rest of the report. The next step in the growth of sustainable development as a mainstream concept and practice was the 1972 United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, in Stockholm, Sweden. The concept of sustainable development formed the basis of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. This lecture looks into the essence of the 'Sustainable Development' over decades, from an academic point of view. Sustainable development, a concept that emerged in the context of a growing awareness of an imminent ecological crisis, seems to have been one of the driving forces of world history in the period around the end of the 20th century. This was partly due to the lack of an internationally agreed definition or universal principles for green economy, the emergence of interrelated but different terminology and concepts over recent years (such as green growth, low carbon development, sustainable economy, steady-state economy etc. Further information » Since the report of the Brundtland Commission in 1987, the idea of ‘Sustainable development’ or ‘Sustainability’ has become increasingly prominent across the globe, applied and discussed at a trans-national, international, national, regional and community level. This in turn increases the exploitation of environmental resources, such as forests, as a result of poverty-induced constraints. Sustainable development is defined as “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” The concept of needs goes beyond simply material needs and includes values, relationships, freedom to think, act, and participate, all amounting to sustainable living, morally, and spiritually. History of SD. This strategy gave rise to the often-cited definition of sustainable development as “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”21 Crucially, the satisfaction of these needs should give priority to the needs of the poor and recognize overall environmental limits, “imposed by the state of technology and social organization.”22 … toward sustainable development. The Summit was also attended by representatives from a range of other organisations representing civil society. Key commitments included those on sustainable consumption and production, water and sanitation, and energy. “Describing the desirable “state of global equilibrium”, the authors used the word “sustainable”: “We are searching for a model output that represents a world system that is: 1. sustainable without sudden and uncontrolled collapse; and 2. capable of satisfying the basic material requirements of all of its people.”[6]. [1] This act came largely in response to the 1969 Santa Barbara oil spill, which had a devastating impact on wildlife and the natural environment in the area. * The French version of Our Common Future was published by Québec publisher Les Éditions du Fleuve in 1988 with the support of the Ministère de l’Environnement du Québec. It also is preventing large-scale action internationally. The recognition to revitalize humanity’s connection with Nature, led to the creation of global institutions within the UN system.”[4] Here, we have a transition from a national focus to an international one. In environmental policy: History of environmental policy making From the late 1980s, sustainable development— (i.e., the fostering of economic growth while preserving the quality of the environment for future generations—became a leading concept in environmental policy making. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) or Global Goals are a collection of 17 interlinked goals designed to be a "blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all". The World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED) was tasked by the Secretary General of the UN, in 1983, to “re-examine critical environmental and development problems around the world and formulate realistic proposals to address them.”[7] This culminated in the 1987 Bruntland Report’s publication of “Our Common Future”, which established a suggested path for sustainable development on a global level and served to bring the concept of sustainability into the foreground on an international level. Sustainable development was adopted in 2003 as an overall objective of Government policy. >> The UN agenda 2030 with its SDGs, is built up upon, but further develops the understanding of global sustainable development which was introduced by the World Commission on Environment and Development. The book’s release was considered by many to be a turning point in our understanding of the interconnections among the environment, the economy, and social well-being. The remit of the Brundtland Report was to investigate the numerous concerns that had been raised in previous decades, namely, that human activity was having severe and negative impacts on the planet, and that patterns of growth and development would be unsustainable if they continued unchecked. Meanwhile, you’ll apply the skills and content of your historical analysis to the present-day challenges of climate change, social justice, and food security. In essence, this is a focus on the economics of sustainable development. The summit marked the first international attempt to draw up action plans and strategies for moving towards a more sustainable pattern of development. The concept of sustainable development received its first major international recognition in 1972 at the UN Conference on the Human Environment held in Stockholm. This Timeline captures some of the key events. This theory states that the population tends to grow quicker than resources. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and their 169 targets are part of this agenda. Session at European Society for Environmental History, Türku University 29 June 2011 . In other words, one criticism is that developed countries have long benefitted from unsustainable practices and are now imposing their new-found sustainable values upon developing countries, for whom this transition is much more difficult and costly.[10]. But really, we started in Eastern Europe. Common terms and phrases. With regard to sustainable development, “ the tenets of neoliberal economic agenda such as commodification, deregulation, privatisation and cuts in government expenditure may in some context undermine the attainment of sustainable development by increasing poverty and inequality. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the SDGs. The Sustainable Development Timeline TN 43 Silent Spring was published in 1962. The Commission's report came in 1987 and is published as a book … History . According to the report ‘Our common future’ by Ms. Harlem Brundtland, sustainable development is defined as development that satisfies the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to satisfy theirs. Center for Communication and Civic EngagementUniversity of Washington, SeattleSeattle, WA. There seems to be some confusion in this camp, around expectations as well as around the terminology used and definitions understood. Les Objectifs de développement durable (ODD) ont vu le jour lors de la Conférence de Rio sur le développement durable, en 2012. The Sustainable Development Goals Fund (SDG Fund) is the first development cooperation mechanism created to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).. With an initial contribution from the government of Spain, the SDG Fund was created in 2014 in order to support sustainable development activities through integrated and multidimensional joint programmes. The objective was to produce a set of universal goals that meet the urgent environmental, political and economic challenges facing our world. The summit marked the first international attempt to draw up action plans and strategies for moving towards a more sustainable pattern of development. This chapter provides a brief history of the concept of sustainable development or sustainability. This report, published in 1987 by the United Nations World Commission o… It might be noted that the US is the only developed country and one of the only two in general (the other being South Sudan) that has not ratified this protocol. I will describe a few below. Though SD thinking is widely recognised to have its origins in the 1972 UN Conference on the Human Environment, SD as a concept began to gather momentum following the 1987 Brundtland Report, Our Common Future, and the 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), also known as the Earth Summit. A short history of the concept of sustainable development could begin with the US government’s National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969. However, developed countries are often the ones who have already benefitted from the exploitation of environmental resources employing these less-sustainable methods for many decades, whereas many developing countries are just now beginning to have access to these technologies. This Greek household concept differed from modern ones in that the household had to be self-sustaining at least to a certain extent and could not just be consumption oriented. Through advocacy, advice and appraisal, we help put sustainable development at the heart of Government policy. Perhaps the biggest conflict seen regarding sustainable development is economic in nature. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. More recently, the World Summit on Sustainable Development was held in Johannesburg in 2002, attended by 191 national governments, UN agencies, multilateral financial institutions and other major groups to assess progress since Rio. Another large focus in the sustainable development movement has been on freeing peoples in parts of the developing world from the bonds of poverty and starvation. ), a lack of clarity around what green economy policy measures encompass and how they integrate with national priorities and objectives relating to economic growth and poverty eradication, as well as a perceived lack of experience in designing, implementing and reviewing the costs and benefits of green economy policies.[15]. Shortly after the passage of NEPA, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) opened its doors in 1970, promoting protection of the environment through research, standard-setting, and monitoring. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were born at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development in Rio de Janeiro in 2012. Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while simultaneously sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services on which the economy and society depend. A Short History of Sustainable Development. Complications and Criticisms of the Sustainable Movement. Center for Communication and Civic Engagement, http://www.sustainabledevelopmentinfo.com/history-of-sustainable-development/, http://www.nrdc.org/health/pesticides/hcarson.asp, http://yosemite.epa.gov/r10/oi.nsf/Sustainability/History, https://rio20.un.org/resolutions-more?page=1, http://globalsolutions.org/blog/2009/11/Problem-Sustainable-Development, http://www.gatescambridge.org/news/detail.asp?ItemID=13922, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amartya_Sen#Books, http://www.greeneconomist.org/page.php?pageid=capitalism, https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/topics/greeneconomy, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. About fifteen years after the Club of Rome’s publication came another large step forward in this movement, at least according to most mainstream sources. The emphasis was much more clearly on working towards a world where all peoples had access to the natural resources they needed to thrive. It was not until the Rio Summit, however, that major world leaders recognised sustainable development as the major challenge it remains today. In sum, the lack of clarity and cohesion regarding these terms and their implications seems to be causing some internal discord within organizations working towards sustainable development. At this point, the term ‘sustainable’ had yet to really take off. [1] This act came largely in response to the 1969 Santa Barbara oil spill, which had a devastating impact on wildlife and the natural environment in the area. The Sustainable Development Goals At the historic UN General Assembly Summit in September 2015, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development was adopted by the UN’s 193 member states. HISTORIQUE . She brought along her policy advisor, George Hamilton, and the trip introduced them to the environmental health challenges of Eastern Europe. To study History and GSD is to ask these questions. WHAT IS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT? Established by the U.N. General Secretary and led by the former Norwegian Prime Minister Gro Harlem Brundtland. One of his most profound arguments, that of ‘capability’, argues that the rights provided by governments (such as the right to vote, freedom of speech, etc.) The Agenda is a commitment to eradicate poverty and achieve sustainable development by 2030 world … …there is an unspoken (and largely untested) assumption that there need be no fundamental contradiction between sustainable development and capitalism. In response to my piece this summer about the hubris among some sustainable design leaders ("A Darker Shade of Green"), a reader Tweeted that "no one outside of field knows what you mean by sustainable" [sic]. A Short History of Sustainable Development A short history of the concept of sustainable development could begin with the US government’s National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969. Though, what this new world order would look like is up for speculation. [1] http://www.sustainabledevelopmentinfo.com/history-of-sustainable-development/, [2] http://www.nrdc.org/health/pesticides/hcarson.asp, [3] http://www2.epa.gov/aboutepa/epa-history, [4] http://www.uncsd2012.org/history.html, [5] https://rio20.un.org/resolutions-more, [6] https://rio20.un.org/resolutions-more, [7] http://yosemite.epa.gov/r10/oi.nsf/Sustainability/History, [8] https://rio20.un.org/resolutions-more?page=1, [9] http://www.sustainabledevelopmentinfo.com/history-of-sustainable-development/, [10] http://globalsolutions.org/blog/2009/11/Problem-Sustainable-Development, [11] http://www.gatescambridge.org/news/detail.asp?ItemID=13922, [12] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amartya_Sen#Books, [13] http://www.greeneconomist.org/page.php?pageid=capitalism, [14] http://www.greeneconomist.org/page.php?pageid=capitalism, [15] https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/topics/greeneconomy, understood but how about sustainable development at now, Your email address will not be published. Sustainable development is a concept that appeared for the first time in 1987 with the publication of the Brundtland Report, warning of the negative environmental consequences of economic growth and globalization, which tried to find possible solutions to the problems caused by industrialization and population growth. [3] The goals of the EPA concerned both human health as well as natural resource protection. The following winter, after discussions […] Transforming our World: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development" including its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 targets was adopted on 25 September 2015 by Heads of State and Government at a special UN summit. At this conference, an agenda called Agenda 21 was adopted, which “recognized each nation’s right to pursue social and economic progress and assigned to States the responsibility of adopting a model of sustainable development.”[8] The Secretary Genearl of UNCED regarded Agenda 21 as a “program of action for a tolerable future for the human family and an initial step toward making sure the world will change into a more just, secure and wealthy habitat for all humanity.”[9] The focus, then, had become broader than when the EPA was first established. Background on the goals. 'The origin of the "sustainability" concept dates back to less than 30 years ago' In 1798, Thomas Malthus published his ' An Essay on the Principle of Population' where he set out his famous 'theory of population'. Another notable international protocol designed to guide the international community towards sustainable development, in this case particularly environmental, was the Kyoto Climate Agreement in 1997. Sustainable development: Meaning, history, principles, pillars, and implications for human action: Literature review Justice Mensah1* Abstract: Sustainable development (SD) has become a popular catchphrase in contemporary development discourse. The SDGs were set in 2015 by the United Nations General Assembly and are intended to be achieved by the year 2030. The Johannesburg Summit delivered three key outcomes: a political declaration, the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation, and a range of partnership initiatives. [12] Therefore, in order to promote sustainable development with the lives of people in mind, we must focus on economic policies that may hinder or promote well-being. It was attended by over 100 Heads of State and representatives from 178 national governments. This came to the fore as a part of the publication of Limits to Growth, a report that described a particular state in which the global population would achieve balance or equilibrium. Since then, many milestones have marked the journey toward sustainable development. We are the UK Government’s independent adviser on sustainable development. UNITED NATIONS TRANSFORMING OUR WORLD: THE 2030 AGENDA FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT sustainabledevelopment.un.org A/RES/70/1 One point of contention has arisen as a result of the differences in power and responsibility between some developing and developed countries. According to different sources, the concept of sustainability in the sense of a balance between resource consumption and reproduction was however applied to forestry already in the 12th to 16th century. Though the notion of sustainable development typically enjoys positive attention on a global level, there have been various points of criticism and some complications that have developed over time. A brief history of sustainable development 1972: Stockholm UN Conference on Human 1987: Brundtland 1962: Rachel Carson’s Development, first bringing Commission: “Our book “Silent Spring” together heads of state on Common Future”becomes the catalyst for a massive scale to addressmodern environmentalism the question of environment and development 1992: Earth Summit • Rio Declaration 2000: … The History of Development: From Western Origins to Global Faith Gilbert Rist Snippet view - 2002. This conference “brought the industrialized and developing nations together to delineate the ‘rights’ of the human family to a healthy and productive environment. Already in 400 BCE, Aristotle referred to a Greek concept in talking about household economics. In June 1990, Vermont Governor Madeleine M. Kunin travelled to monitor the first democratic elections in Bulgaria. Brief History of Sustainable Development. Broadly speaking, the global economy has a neoliberal bent to it. Back to Sustainable Development Commission's home page. But it was also the product of greater societal attention to the consequences of industrial pollution, awareness of which was promoted by the 1962 publication Silent Spring by Rachael Carson. You’ll investigate and interpret the past, focusing your interests on Early Modern (1500-1750) and/or Modern history (1750 onwards). Its goal was to reduce the emissions of its signatories, with more emphasis placed on those developed countries which were responsible for most of the air pollution and its subsequent consequences. Key works that highlighted this thinking included Rachel Carson's Silent Spring (1962), Garret Hardin's Tragedy of the Commons (1968), the Blueprint for Survival by the Ecologist magazine (1972) and the Club of Rome's Limits to Growth report (1972). By representatives from 178 national governments that meet the urgent environmental, political and economic challenges facing our:... 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